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Appl Radiat Isot. 2016 Mar;109:193-197. doi: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2015.11.110. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Performance of an in-situ alpha spectrometer.

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STUK-Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, P.O. Box 14, FI-00881 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:


Equipment was recently developed for detecting alpha particles from flat and smooth surfaces with good energy resolution at ambient air pressure. In this work, the detection efficiencies were determined using different extended-area sources emitting alpha and beta radiation and a mixed nuclide point source emitting alpha radiation. Beta particles are of importance because they can also be detected. Counts originating from alpha and beta particles are mainly at different energies, which make their separation possible. An efficiency of 0.14 was determined for an extended-area (>30cm(2)) homogeneous source emitting alpha radiation at the energy of 5-6MeV, whereas for the beta emitters the efficiencies were 0.07-0.19 depending on the beta-particle emission energies. The use of a collimator reduces the detection efficiencies by a factor of up to ten.


Detection efficiency; In-situ alpha spectrometry; Silicon detector

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