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Midwifery. 1989 Jun;5(2):69-74.

A randomised study of a domiciliary antenatal care scheme: maternal psychological effects.


The Cardiff Integrated Antenatal Care Scheme (CIACS) places emphasis on home-centred care for selected women with a high-risk pregnancy. The Scheme is intended to make better use of midwifery and obstetric resources, and it provides a new type of care where close surveillance is required. A randomised controlled trial was undertaken in which anxiety levels were compared between two groups of women with an identified high-risk pregnancy. Sixty-five women were eligible for entry to the study. Five refused randomisation and 60 were randomised 2:1 either to care under the CIAC Scheme (domiciliary group n = 40) or to conventional hospital antenatal care (conventional group n = 17). Zung depression and STAI 'trait' levels conducted at weekly intervals were similar in both groups whilst 'state' levels were 34.05 (SD 9.24) in the domiciliary group and 41.05 (SD 9.93) in the conventional care group (P less than 0.01). It is suggested that the observed difference is due to the greater security provided by the home environment coupled with individual support from a midwife.

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