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J Chem Neuroanat. 2016 Jan;71:26-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2015.11.003. Epub 2015 Dec 12.

Ontogeny and innervation of taste buds in mouse palatal gustatory epithelium.

Author information

1
Department of Functional Anatomy & Neuroscience, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan; Department of Anatomy & Embryology, Damanhour University, Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour 22511, Egypt.
2
Department of Functional Anatomy & Neuroscience, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.
3
Department of Anatomy & Embryology, Damanhour University, Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour 22511, Egypt.
4
Department of Functional Anatomy & Neuroscience, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan. Electronic address: kiyama@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between mouse taste bud development and innervation of the soft palate. We employed scanning electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry using antibodies against protein gene product 9.5 and peripherin to detect sensory nerves, and cytokeratin 8 and α-gustducin to stain palatal taste buds. At E14, nerve fibers were observed along the medial border of the palatal shelves that tracked toward the epithelium. At E15.5, primordial stages of taste buds in the basal lamina of the soft palate first appeared. At E16, the taste buds became large spherical masses of columnar cells scattered in the soft palate basal lamina. At E17, the morphology and also the location of taste buds changed. At E18-19, some taste buds acquired a more elongated shape with a short neck, extending a variable distance from the soft palate basal lamina toward the surface epithelium. At E18, mature taste buds with taste pores and perigemmal nerve fibers were observed on the surface epithelium of the soft palate. The expression of α-gustducin was demonstrated at postnatal day 1 and the number of pored taste buds increased with age and they became pear-shaped at 8 weeks. The percent of pored fungiform-like papillae at birth was 58.3% of the whole palate; this increased to 83.8% at postnatal day 8 and reached a maximum of 95.7% at 12 weeks. The innervation of the soft palate was classified into three types of plexuses in relation to taste buds: basal nerve plexus, intragemmal and perigemmal nerve fibers. This study reveals that the nerve fibers preceded the development of taste buds in the palate of mice, and therefore the nerve fibers have roles in the initial induction of taste buds in the soft palate.

KEYWORDS:

Innervation; Palate; Papillae; Scanning electron microscopy; Taste buds

PMID:
26686286
DOI:
10.1016/j.jchemneu.2015.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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