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Eur J Cell Biol. 1989 Jun;49(1):66-72.

Immunogold determination of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein in Anopheles stephensi salivary gland cells.

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Department of Cell Biology, University of Utrecht Medical School, The Netherlands.


The distribution of circumsporozoite (CS) proteins of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites was observed during the passage of mature sporozoites in the hemocoel of Anopheles stephensi and during their entrance and sojourn in the salivary gland cells (SGC). The CS protein was visualized using a monoclonal antibody (3SP2) and immunogold labeling on ultrathin cryosections. In the hemocoel the sporozoites cease synthesizing CS protein, and some of it is shedded resulting in a patchy labeling pattern on the outer pellicular membrane. No internal labeling was observed. The sporozoites enter the SGC by puncturing the basal or lateral membrane. Inside the SGC, CS protein synthesis is turned on again; the Golgi system, nuclear envelope and all 3 pellicular membranes contain CS immunoreactivity. In the last phase of maturation, micronemes display abundant CS immunoreactivity. Rhoptries also show some immunogold labeling, but not as much as the micronemes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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