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Endocrinology. 1989 Sep;125(3):1565-74.

Differential expression of placental lactogen-II and prolactin-like protein-A in the rat chorioallantoic placenta.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Ralph L. Smith, Mental Retardation Research Center, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66103.

Abstract

The rat chorioallantoic placenta is comprised of two morphologically distinct regions: the junctional zone and the labyrinth zone. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relative contributions of trophoblast cells in each of these regions to the expression of placental lactogen-II (PL-II) and PRL-like protein-A (PLP-A) during development, mRNA expression was estimated by Northern blot analysis, whereas, protein expression was estimated by electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and immunocytochemical analyses. The immunochemical analyses used antipeptide antisera directed to amino acids 56-70 of PL-II and amino acids 152-164 of PLP-A. Northern and immunoblotting analyses indicated that both PL-II mRNA and protein expression were maximal in the junctional zone on day 13 of gestation and declined as gestation proceeded. In contrast, PL-II mRNA and protein expression in the labyrinth zone were low on day 13 and increased as gestation advanced. PL-II was specifically localized to giant cells. At midgestation, PL-II-positive giant cells were identified bordering the uterine decidua in the junctional zone and choriovitelline placenta. As gestation advanced. PL-II-positive cells were also localized to the labyrinth zone. Immunoreactivity was restricted to the cytoplasm of PL-II-positive cells. PLP-A mRNA and protein were predominantly expressed in the junctional zone of the chorioallantoic placenta. Expression of PLP-A increased as gestation advanced. PLP-A was specifically localized to giant and spongiotrophoblast cells of the junctional zone. Immunoreactivity was found in both cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments of PLP-A-positive cells. In summary, PL-II expression shifts from the junctional to the labyrinth zone during pregnancy, whereas PLP-A is predominantly expressed in the junctional zone during the latter third of pregnancy. Both hormones are produced by giant cells of the junctional zone, but only PL-II is expressed by choriovitelline and labyrinthine trophoblast cells. PLP-A is also expressed by spongiotrophoblast cells of the junctional zone. These findings provide insights into the process of placental morphogenesis.

PMID:
2667962
DOI:
10.1210/endo-125-3-1565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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