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J Virol. 2015 Dec 16;90(5):2536-43. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02534-15.

Pulmonary C Fibers Modulate MMP-12 Production via PAR2 and Are Involved in the Long-Term Airway Inflammation and Airway Hyperresponsiveness Induced by Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection.

Author information

1
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Chongqing, China Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Pathophysiology Program, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
2
Pathophysiology Program, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
3
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
4
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Chongqing, China.
5
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China emliu186@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Children with acute respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection often develop sequelae of persistent airway inflammation and wheezing. Pulmonary C fibers (PCFs) are involved in the generation of airway inflammation and resistance; however, their role in persistent airway diseases after RSV is unexplored. Here, we elucidated the pathogenesis of PCF activation in RSV-induced persistent airway disorders. PCF-degenerated and intact mice were used in the current study. Airway inflammation and airway resistance were evaluated. MMP408 and FSLLRY-NH2 were the selective antagonists for MMP-12 and PAR2, respectively, to investigate the roles of MMP-12 and PAR2 in PCFs mediating airway diseases. As a result, PCF degeneration significantly reduced the following responses to RSV infection: augmenting of inflammatory cells, especially macrophages, and infiltrating of inflammatory cells in lung tissues; specific airway resistance (sRaw) response to methacholine; and upregulation of MMP-12 and PAR2 expression. Moreover, the inhibition of MMP-12 reduced the total number of cells and macrophages in bronchiolar lavage fluid (BALF), as well infiltrating inflammatory cells, and decreased the sRaw response to methacholine. In addition, PAR2 was upregulated especially at the later stage of RSV infection. Downregulation of PAR2 ameliorated airway inflammation and resistance following RSV infection and suppressed the level of MMP-12. In all, the results suggest that PCF involvement in long-term airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness occurred at least partially via modulating MMP-12, and the activation of PAR2 might be related to PCF-modulated MMP-12 production. Our initial findings indicated that the inhibition of PCF activity would be targeted therapeutically for virus infection-induced long-term airway disorders.

IMPORTANCE:

The current study is critical to understanding that PCFs are involved in long-term airway inflammation and airway resistance after RSV infection through mediating MMP-12 production via PAR2, indicating that the inhibition of PCF activity can be targeted therapeutically for virus infection-induced long-term airway disorders.

PMID:
26676790
PMCID:
PMC4810725
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.02534-15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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