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J Mol Neurosci. 2016 Jan;58(1):137-44. doi: 10.1007/s12031-015-0698-z. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

The Clinical Utility of TIMP3 Expression in ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Tumor.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, China.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, 150001, China.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, China. wrzpumch@163.com.

Abstract

In recent years, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP3) plays a pivotal role in tumorigenesis, while the role of TIMP3 in adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas remains unclear. In this study, 86 sporadic pituitary tumor specimens, including ACTH (40), GH (18), PRL-secreting (8), and non-functioining (20) and non-tumorous pituitary samples (n = 10) were available, and then, the mRNA and protein expression of TIMP3 was quantified by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Our findings showed that TIMP3 expression was significantly correlated with Ki-67 expression and the invasiveness of pituitary adenomas. TIMP3 mRNA and protein expression were reduced in ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas and the other three types of pituitary adenomas compared to adjacent non-tumorous pituitary tissues (all p < .01). On the other hand, the expression of TIMP3 was negatively correlated with tumor size and Ki-67 in ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas. TIMP3 mRNA expression was significantly lower in invasive pituitary adenomas than that in noninvasive ones (1.92-fold, p < .05). TIMP3 protein levels were also significantly lower in the majority of invasive adenomas (1.41-fold, p < .05) Furthermore, TIMP3 mRNA and protein expression were significantly lower in pituitary giant adenomas than those in microadenomas (2.58-fold, p < .05). In conclusion, the expression of TIMP3 is low in pituitary adenomas including ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas and negatively associated with tumor aggressiveness. TIMPs may play a potential role in the progression of ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas and be useful as a biomarker of invasiveness.

KEYWORDS:

ACTH-secreting pituitary tumor; Clinicopathology; Ki-67; TIMP3

PMID:
26676407
DOI:
10.1007/s12031-015-0698-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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