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Low Urin Tract Symptoms. 2011 Apr;3(1):29-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-5672.2010.00081.x. Epub 2010 Sep 20.

Randomized Controlled Trial to Treat Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia with Overactive Bladder Using an Alpha-blocker Combined with Anticholinergics.

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Department of Urology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, JapanDepartment of Urology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, JapanDepartment of Urology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine & Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Koufu, JapanDepartment of Urology, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan.



TAABO was a randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of tamsulosin (TAM) with propiverine (PROP) in men with both benign prostatic hyperplasia and overactive bladder.


It enrolled men 50 years or older who had an international prostate symptom score (IPSS) of 8 or higher, an urgency item score of 1 or higher, and a quality of life (QOL) score of 2 or higher. After 8 weeks of TAM 0.2 mg/day, patients who met the inclusion criteria (8 micturitions per 24 h and 1 urgency per 24 h, evaluated by bladder diary) and were eligible for 12-weeks of continued Treatment II. Five hundred and fifteen patients were enrolled. Thereafter, 214 patients were assigned randomly to receive either TAM alone (n = 67), TAM plus PROP 10 mg (n = 72), or TAM plus PROP 20 mg (n = 75) in Treatment II. The primary efficacy end point was a change in micturitions per 24 h documented in the bladder diary. The change from baseline in urgency episodes per 24 h, IPSS, IPSS/QOL subscore, urinary flow rate and postvoid residual volume were assessed as secondary efficacy measures.


A total of 141 men (47 TAM, 49 TAM plus PROP 10 mg, and 45 TAM plus PROP 20 mg patients) were assessed by week 12. Compared with the TAM, TAM plus PROP 10 mg patients experienced significantly fewer micturitions (P = 0.0261), urgencies (P = 0.0093) per 24 h, lower IPSS storage (P = 0.0465), and IPSS urgency (P = 0.0252) subscores.


These results suggest that combining TAM and 10 mg of PROP for 12 weeks provides added benefit for men with both benign prostatic hyperplasia and overactive bladder.


benign prostatic hyperplasia; overactive bladder; propiverine; tamsulosin

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