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World J Gastrointest Endosc. 2015 Dec 10;7(18):1287-94. doi: 10.4253/wjge.v7.i18.1287.

Role of virtual reality simulation in endoscopy training.

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Louis Harpham-Lockyer, Faidon-Marios Laskaratos, Owen Epstein, Centre for Gastroenterology, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London NW3 2QG, United Kingdom.


Recent advancements in virtual reality graphics and models have allowed virtual reality simulators to be incorporated into a variety of endoscopic training programmes. Use of virtual reality simulators in training programmes is thought to improve skill acquisition amongst trainees which is reflected in improved patient comfort and safety. Several studies have already been carried out to ascertain the impact that usage of virtual reality simulators may have upon trainee learning curves and how this may translate to patient comfort. This article reviews the available literature in this area of medical education which is particularly relevant to all parties involved in endoscopy training and curriculum development. Assessment of the available evidence for an optimal exposure time with virtual reality simulators and the long-term benefits of their use are also discussed.


Colonoscopy; Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography; Endoscopic ultrasound; Endoscopy; Gastroscopy; Medical education; Sigmoidoscopy; Simulation; Virtual reality

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