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Nutr Res. 2015 Dec;35(12):1113-21. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2015.09.019.

A low ratio of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suppresses matrix metalloproteinase 13 expression and reduces adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Medical Care Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: guoaij@139.com.

Abstract

Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) in chondrocytes contributes to the development of osteoarthritis. The hypothesis of this study was that diet with a low ratio of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is associated with reduced MMP13 expression in inflammatory chondrocytes in vitro and in vivo. Human chondrocytes were cultured with different ratios of linoleic acid (LA, n-6 PUFA) to α-linolenic acid (n-3 PUFA) from 1:1 to 10:1. Proliferation of chondrocytes, MMP13 protein and mRNA levels were detected, respectively. Sprague-Dawley rats (n=30) were fed diets containing different ratios of n-6/n-3 PUFA. Freund's complete adjuvant was injected to make the model of arthritis. Paw swelling rate was measured and all rats were euthanized after 6 weeks of treatment. Serum MMP13 and IL-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Joint histological sections were stained with safranin-O Fast Green to evaluate cartilage damage. Low ratio of LA/α-linolenic acid decreased the mRNA and protein levels of MMP13 but did not affect chondrocytes proliferation. Ratios of PUFA such as 1:1 and 2:1 significantly reduced paw swelling rate, and serum MMP13 and IL-1 levels in a rat model. Histological staining showed that ratios of 1:1 and 2:1 PUFA significantly alleviated cartilage damage in adjuvant-induced arthritis. A ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFA of 1:1 showed the strongest inhibitory effect on MMP13. Our results indicate that a low ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFA at 1:1 significantly suppressed MMP13 expression both in vitro and in vivo and reduced adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats could be a means to control and reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

KEYWORDS:

Chondrocytes; Fatty acids; Matrix metalloproteinase 13; Osteoarthritis; Rat; Ratio of PUFA

PMID:
26675329
DOI:
10.1016/j.nutres.2015.09.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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