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Ethn Dis. 2015 Nov 5;25(4):413-8. doi: 10.18865/ed.25.4.413.

Effect of Interleukin-10 and Laminar Shear Stress on Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase and Nitric Oxide in African American Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.

Author information

1. Cedar Crest College, Allentown, Pennsylvania.
2. Department of Kinesiology, Temple University.
3. Vascular Health Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology & Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago.
2. Department of Kinesiology, Temple University ; 4.Cardiovascular Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine.



African Americans have a predisposition to heightened systemic inflammation and a high prevalence of hypertension.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and laminar shear stress (LSS) on African American endothelial cells by measuring total endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein expression and its phosphorylated form (p-eNOS) at Serine 1177, and nitric oxide (NO) levels, in response to IL-10 incubation and high physiological levels of LSS, used as an in vitro mimetic for aerobic exercise training (AEXT).


Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) from an African American donor were cultured. The experimental conditions included Static, Static with IL-10 Incubation, LSS at 20 dynes/cm², and LSS at 20 dynes/cm² with IL-10 Incubation. Western blotting was used to measure eNOS and p-eNOS protein expression in the cells. A modified Griess assay was used to measure NO metabolites in the cell culture media.


There were significant increases in p-eNOS, eNOS, and NO in the LSS at 20 dynes/cm² and LSS at 20 dynes/cm² with IL-10 Incubation experimental conditions when compared to the Static experimental condition. There were no other statistically significant differences demonstrating that IL-10 did not have an additive effect on eNOS activity in our study.


The significant increases in p-eNOS, eNOS, and NO as a result of LSS in African American HUVECs suggest that AEXT may be a viable, nonpharmacologic method to improve vascular inflammation status and vasodilation, and thereby contribute to hypertension reduction in the African American population.


African Americans; Endothelial Cells; Endothelial Dysfunction; Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase; Inflammation; Interleukin-10; Laminar Shear Stress; Nitric Oxide

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