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Elife. 2015 Dec 17;4. pii: e11466. doi: 10.7554/eLife.11466.

A deep proteomics perspective on CRM1-mediated nuclear export and nucleocytoplasmic partitioning.

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Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.
Bioanalytical Mass Spectrometry Group, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.
Bioanalytics, Institute for Clinical Chemistry, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.


CRM1 is a highly conserved, RanGTPase-driven exportin that carries proteins and RNPs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. We now explored the cargo-spectrum of CRM1 in depth and identified surprisingly large numbers, namely >700 export substrates from the yeast S. cerevisiae, ≈1000 from Xenopus oocytes and >1050 from human cells. In addition, we quantified the partitioning of ≈5000 unique proteins between nucleus and cytoplasm of Xenopus oocytes. The data suggest new CRM1 functions in spatial control of vesicle coat-assembly, centrosomes, autophagy, peroxisome biogenesis, cytoskeleton, ribosome maturation, translation, mRNA degradation, and more generally in precluding a potentially detrimental action of cytoplasmic pathways within the nuclear interior. There are also numerous new instances where CRM1 appears to act in regulatory circuits. Altogether, our dataset allows unprecedented insights into the nucleocytoplasmic organisation of eukaryotic cells, into the contributions of an exceedingly promiscuous exportin and it provides a new basis for NES prediction.


<i>s. cerevisiae</i>; NES; Nup; XPO1/CRM1; biochemistry; cell biology; exportin; human; protein localization; protein transport; xenopus

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