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Cerebrovasc Dis. 2016;41(1-2):74-9. doi: 10.1159/000442475. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

Multiple Simultaneous Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhages: A Rare Entity.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Lille, UDSL, CHU Lille, INSERM U 1171, Lille, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In hospital databases, multiple simultaneous spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH-m) account for 0.7-5.6% of all ICHs. Their long-term outcome has never been systematically and prospectively investigated. We aimed at identifying the long-term outcome of patients with ICH-m.

METHODS:

We prospectively recruited consecutive adults with ICH-m and followed them up for at least 4.5 years. We classified patients into the following 3 groups: (i) definite or probable cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), (ii) deep perforating vasculopathy (DPV) and (iii) unknown causes.

RESULTS:

Of 562 consecutive patients with ICH, 32 had ICH-m (5.7%): 8 (25%) with probable CAA, 5 (16%) with DPV and 19 (59%) with ICH-m of undetermined cause. At the last visit (cumulative follow-up of 39.5 person-year), 27 patients (84%) had died, and 3 of the 5 survivors were independent. Late-onset seizures, recurrent ICH-m (symptomatic or not) and new brain microbleeds were mainly found in patients with probable CAA.

CONCLUSIONS:

ICH-m is a rare but extremely severe expression of ICH. Survivors with CAA are more likely to develop late seizures and new hemorrhagic lesions. Because of low survival rates, large multicenter cohort studies are needed for a better understanding of this rare condition.

PMID:
26671248
DOI:
10.1159/000442475
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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