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RETRACTED ARTICLE

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CNS Oncol. 2016;5(1):11-26. doi: 10.2217/cns.15.38. Epub 2015 Dec 15.

ReACT Phase II trial: a critical evaluation of the use of rindopepimut plus bevacizumab to treat EGFRvIII-positive recurrent glioblastoma.

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1
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Unit 0431, Houston, TX 77054, USA.

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Abstract

Glioblastoma is the most deadly primary brain tumor in adults and has long represented a therapeutic challenge. Disease recurrence is inevitable, and the management of recurrent disease is complicated by spontaneous or induced tumor heterogeneity which confers resistance to therapy and increased oncogenicity. EGFR and the tumor-specific mutation EGFRvIII is commonly altered in glioblastoma making it an appealing therapeutic target. Immunotherapy is an emerging and promising therapeutic approach to glioma and the EGFRvIII vaccine, rindopepimut, is the first immunotherapeutic drug to enter Phase III clinical trials for glioblastoma. Rindopepimut activates a specific immune response against tumor cells harboring the EGFRvIII protein. This review evaluates the recently completed ReACT Phase II trial using rindopepimut plus bevacizumab in the setting of EGFRvIII-positive recurrent glioblastoma (Clinical Trials identifier: NCT01498328).

KEYWORDS:

CDX-110; CNS lymphatics; EGF receptor variant III; EGFRvIII; MGMT; ReACT trial; bevacizumab; immunotherapy; recurrent glioblastoma; rindopepimut; vaccines

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