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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Feb;74(2):303-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.013. Epub 2015 Dec 5.

A potential role for the dermatologist in the physical transformation of transgender people: A survey of attitudes and practices within the transgender community.

Author information

1
Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: brian.ginsberg.md@gmail.com.
2
New York University School of Medicine, New York.
3
Department of Dermatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
4
Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York; Day Dermatology and Aesthetics, New York, New York.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are an estimated 700,000 or more transgender people in the United States, however their dermatologic needs are not fully established in the medical literature. Unique needs relate to hormone therapy, prior surgeries, and other aspects of physical transitioning.

OBJECTIVES:

By examining attitudes and practices of transgender individuals, we aimed to identify areas for which dermatologists could contribute to their physical transformation.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study used an anonymous online survey, distributed via lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender organizations; social media; and at targeted locations and events.

RESULTS:

A total of 327 people completed the survey (63% men, 29% women, 9% other). Most transgender women indicated that their face was most imperative to have changed, whereas men noted their chest, in turn influencing procedures. Of women's facial procedures, hair removal predominated, followed by surgery then injectables, mostly performed by plastic surgeons. Hormone-induced facial effects varied, usually taking over 2 years for maximal effect. When choosing procedures, money was the major barrier and good aesthetic outcome the primary concern. Participants did not think that facial procedures necessitate the currently accepted prerequisites for chest and genital surgery.

LIMITATIONS:

This study has limited size and convenience sampling.

CONCLUSION:

Dermatologists could contribute to the physical transformation of transgender patients through noninvasive procedures.

KEYWORDS:

LGBT; dermatology; filler; laser; neurotoxin; procedures; skin; surgery; transgender

PMID:
26669479
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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