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World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Dec 7;21(45):12757-66. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i45.12757.

Fluid management in living donor hepatectomy: Recent issues and perspectives.

Author information

1
Seong-Soo Choi, Sung-Hoon Kim, Young-Kug Kim, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 138-736, South Korea.

Abstract

The importance of the safety of healthy living liver donors is widely recognized during donor hepatectomy which is associated with blood loss, transfusion, and subsequent post-operative morbidity. Although the low central venous pressure (CVP) technique can still be effective, it may not be advantageous concerning the safety of healthy donors undergoing hepatectomy. Emerging evidence suggests that stroke volume variation (SVV), a simple and useful index for fluid responsiveness and preload status in various clinical situations, can be applied as a guide for fluid management to reduce blood loss during living donor hepatectomy. Synthetic colloid solutions are also associated with serious adverse events such as the use of renal replacement therapy and transfusion in critically ill or septic patients. However, it is uncertain whether the intra-operative use of colloid solution is associated with similarly adverse effects in patients undergoing living donor hepatectomy. In this review article we discuss the recent issues regarding the low CVP technique and the high SVV method, i.e., maintaining 10%-20% of SVV, for fluid management in order to reduce blood loss during living donor hepatectomy. In addition, we briefly discuss the effects of intra-operative colloid or crystalloid administration for surgical rather than septic or critically ill patients.

KEYWORDS:

Central venous pressure; Donor hepatectomy; Fluid; Stroke volume variation; Synthetic colloid

PMID:
26668500
PMCID:
PMC4671031
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v21.i45.12757
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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