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Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Jan 1;183(1):28-35. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv129. Epub 2015 Dec 13.

The Development of Extremely Preterm Infants Born to Women Who Had Genitourinary Infections During Pregnancy.

Abstract

Gestational genitourinary infections, which have been associated with neurodevelopmental impairments among infants born near term, have not been studied among very preterm infants. The mothers of 989 infants born before 28 weeks of gestation were interviewed about urine, bladder, or kidney infections (UTIs) and cervical or vaginal infections (CVIs) during pregnancy, as well as other exposures and characteristics, and their charts were reviewed for the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns (ELGAN) Study (2002-2004). At 2 years of age, these infants underwent a neurodevelopmental assessment. Generalized estimating equation logistic regression models of developmental adversities were used to adjust for potential confounders. Infants born to women who reported a UTI were less likely than were others to have a very low Mental Development Index (adjusted odds ratio = 0.5; 95% confidence interval: 0.3, 0.8), whereas infants born to women who reported a CVI were more likely than others to have a low Psychomotor Development Index (adjusted odds ratio = 1.7; 95% confidence interval: 1.04, 2.7). In this high-risk sample, maternal gestational CVI, but not UTI, was associated with a higher risk of impaired motor development at 2 years of age. The apparent protective effect of UTI might be spurious, reflect confounding due to untreated asymptomatic bacteriuria among women who were not given a diagnosis of UTI, or reflect preconditioning.

KEYWORDS:

child development disorders; infant, extremely premature; urinary tract infection; uterine cervicitis; vaginitis

PMID:
26667255
PMCID:
PMC5006222
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwv129
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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