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J Histochem Cytochem. 1989 Aug;37(8):1293-7.

Two simple methods for quantifying low-affinity dye-substrate binding.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania.


Binding with low-affinity ligands, such as histological dyes, can be difficult to quantitate owing to the dissociation of bound ligand with washing or the retention of nonspecifically bound ligand because of incomplete washing. The present report describes two simple, rapid methods of discriminating bound from free ligand without the need for washing steps. One method is based on the spectral changes induced in a dye ligand, Congo red, on binding to the "receptor" insulin fibrils. This method discriminates spectrophotometrically between bound and free ligand without requiring any physical separation of the two forms. No radioactive ligands are necessary, and, by using disposable cuvettes, the entire binding assay can be done in a single container without the need for transfers. The second method employs a non-traditional filtration approach that avoids the need for a washing step by measuring the decrease in concentration of the dye ligand in the filtrate rather than by applying the usual approach of measuring the absolute amount of ligand bound to the precipitated "receptor." Both methods show saturation of binding sites and give similar values for the KD and Bmax.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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