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J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1989 Apr;21(2):283-94.

Critical sulfhydryls regulate calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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Physics Department, Portland State University, Oregon 97207.


Rapid Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR)3 can be triggered by either binding of heavy metals to a sulfhydryl (SH) group or by catalyzing the oxidation of endogenous groups to a disulfide. Ca2+ release has been monitored directly using isolated vesicle preparations or indirectly by monitoring phasic contractions in a skinned fiber preparation. SH oxidation triggered by addition of Cu2+/mercaptans, phthalocyanine dyes, reactive disulfides, and various anthraquinones appears to involve a direct interaction with the Ca2+ release protein from the SR. A model is presented in which reversible oxidation and reduction of endogenous SH groups results in the opening and closing of the Ca2+ release channel from the SR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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