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J Exp Bot. 2016 Feb;67(4):1003-14. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erv512. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Gene expression regulation in roots under drought.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, University of Silesia, Jagiellońska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland agnieszka.janiak@us.edu.pl.
2
Department of Genetics, University of Silesia, Jagiellońska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland.

Abstract

Stress signalling and regulatory networks controlling expression of target genes are the basis of plant response to drought. Roots are the first organs exposed to water deficiency in the soil and are the place of drought sensing. Signalling cascades transfer chemical signals toward the shoot and initiate molecular responses that lead to the biochemical and morphological changes that allow plants to be protected against water loss and to tolerate stress conditions. Here, we present an overview of signalling network and gene expression regulation pathways that are actively induced in roots under drought stress. In particular, the role of several transcription factor (TF) families, including DREB, AP2/ERF, NAC, bZIP, MYC, CAMTA, Alfin-like and Q-type ZFP, in the regulation of root response to drought are highlighted. The information provided includes available data on mutual interactions between these TFs together with their regulation by plant hormones and other signalling molecules. The most significant downstream target genes and molecular processes that are controlled by the regulatory factors are given. These data are also coupled with information about the influence of the described regulatory networks on root traits and root development which may translate to enhanced drought tolerance. This is the first literature survey demonstrating the gene expression regulatory machinery that is induced by drought stress, presented from the perspective of roots.

KEYWORDS:

Abscisic acid; drought; roots; signalling; stress; transcription factors.

PMID:
26663562
DOI:
10.1093/jxb/erv512
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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