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Mol Plant Pathol. 2016 Aug;17(6):985-95. doi: 10.1111/mpp.12352. Epub 2016 Apr 4.

Characterization of the Sclerotinia sclerotiorum cell wall proteome.

Author information

1
Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai, 200210, China.
2
Department of Biological Sciences, SUNY University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, 14260, USA.

Abstract

We used a proteomic analysis to identify cell wall proteins released from Sclerotinia sclerotiorum hyphal and sclerotial cell walls via a trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (TFMS) digestion. Cell walls from hyphae grown in Vogel's glucose medium (a synthetic medium lacking plant materials), from hyphae grown in potato dextrose broth and from sclerotia produced on potato dextrose agar were used in the analysis. Under the conditions used, TFMS digests the glycosidic linkages in the cell walls to release intact cell wall proteins. The analysis identified 24 glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell wall proteins and 30 non-GPI-anchored cell wall proteins. We found that the cell walls contained an array of cell wall biosynthetic enzymes similar to those found in the cell walls of other fungi. When comparing the proteins in hyphal cell walls grown in potato dextrose broth with those in hyphal cell walls grown in the absence of plant material, it was found that a core group of cell wall biosynthetic proteins and some proteins associated with pathogenicity (secreted cellulases, pectin lyases, glucosidases and proteases) were expressed in both types of hyphae. The hyphae grown in potato dextrose broth contained a number of additional proteins (laccases, oxalate decarboxylase, peroxidase, polysaccharide deacetylase and several proteins unique to Sclerotinia and Botrytis) that might facilitate growth on a plant host. A comparison of the proteins in the sclerotial cell wall with the proteins in the hyphal cell wall demonstrated that sclerotia formation is not marked by a major shift in the composition of cell wall protein. We found that the S. sclerotiorum cell walls contained 11 cell wall proteins that were encoded only in Sclerotinia and Botrytis genomes.

KEYWORDS:

Sclerotinia; cell wall proteins; glycosyl hydrolases; melanin; sclerotia

PMID:
26661933
PMCID:
PMC6638348
DOI:
10.1111/mpp.12352
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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