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Pediatr Surg Int. 2016 Mar;32(3):253-9. doi: 10.1007/s00383-015-3845-2. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Laparoscopic versus open splenectomy in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hangzhou Children's Hospital, No. 195 Wenhui Rd, Xiacheng District, Hangzhou, 310015, China.
2
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hangzhou Children's Hospital, No. 195 Wenhui Rd, Xiacheng District, Hangzhou, 310015, China. jackiefung@163.com.
3
Institute of Translational Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical outcomes between laparoscopic splenectomy and the traditional open splenectomy in children.

METHODS:

Literature searches were conducted to identify studies having compared the laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) and open splenectomy (OS) for children. Parameters such as operative time, blood loss, length of postoperative stay, the removal of accessory spleens and postoperative complications including postoperative high fever, acute chest syndrome (ACS), and ileus were pooled and compared by meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

Among the 922 pediatric participants included in the 10 studies, 508 had received LS and 414 OS. There were shorter length of hospital stays, less blood loss, and longer operative times with the LS approach compared with OS. However, no significant difference was found between LS and OS in the secondary outcome, such as the removal of accessory spleens or postoperative complications including postoperative high fever, ACS, and ileus.

CONCLUSION:

LS is a feasible, safe, and effective surgical procedure alternative to OS for pediatric patients. Compared with OS, LS has the advantage of shorter hospital stay and less blood loss. Besides, total postoperative complications may be slightly lower in LS. We conclude that LS should be considered an acceptable option for children.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Laparoscopic; Meta-analysis; Open splenectomy

PMID:
26661732
DOI:
10.1007/s00383-015-3845-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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