Send to

Choose Destination
Bioelectromagnetics. 2016 Jan;37(1):62-8. doi: 10.1002/bem.21943. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Novel exposure units for at-home personalized testing of electromagnetic sensibility.

Author information

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, Bern, Switzerland.
IT'IS Foundation, Zurich, Switzerland.
Department of Environmental Health, Public Health Service of Amsterdam (GGD), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Julius Centre for Public Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Department of General Practice and Elderly Care Medicine, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Previous experimental studies on electromagnetic hypersensitivity have been criticized regarding inflexibility of choice of exposure and of study locations. We developed and tested novel portable exposure units that can generate different output levels of various extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF; 50 Hz field plus harmonics) and radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). Testing was done with a group of healthy volunteers (n = 25 for 5 ELF-MF and n = 25 for 5 RF-EMF signals) to assess if units were indeed able to produce double-blind exposure conditions. Results substantiated that double-blind conditions were met; on average participants scored 50.6% of conditions correct on the ELF-MF, and 50.0% on the RF-EMF unit, which corresponds to guessing probability. No cues as to exposure conditions were reported. We aim to use these units in a future experiment with subjects who wish to test their personal hypothesis of being able to sense or experience when being exposed to EMF. The new units allow for a high degree of flexibility regarding choice of applied electromagnetic signal, output power level and location (at home or another environment of subjects' choosing).


electromagnetic hypersensitivity; electromagnetic sensibility; radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center