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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2016 Jul;142(7):1509-20. doi: 10.1007/s00432-015-2090-3. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Hepatic resection during cytoreductive surgery for primary or recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Inselspital, Berne University, Berne, Switzerland.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Modena, Modena, Italy.
4
Department of Surgery, Inselspital, Berne University, Berne, Switzerland.
5
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Inselspital, Berne University, Berne, Switzerland. andrea.papadia@insel.ch.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Surgical cytoreduction remains a cornerstone in the management of patients with advanced and recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. Parenchymal liver metastases determine stage VI disease and are commonly considered a major limit in the achievement of an optimal cytoreduction. The purpose of this manuscript was to discuss the rationale of liver resection and the morbidity related to this procedure in advanced and recurrent ovarian cancer.

METHODS:

A search of the National Library of Medicine's MEDLINE/PubMed database until March 2015 was performed using the keywords: "ovarian cancer," "hepatic," "liver," and "metastases."

RESULTS:

In patients with liver metastases, hepatic resection is associated with a similar prognosis as stage IIIC patients. The length of the disease-free interval between primary diagnosis and occurrence of liver metastases, as well as residual disease after resection, is the most important prognostic factors. In addition, the number of liver lesions, resection margins, and the gynecologic oncology group performance status seem to play also an important role in determining outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

In properly selected patients, liver resections at the time of cytoreduction increase rates of optimal cytoreduction and improve survival in advanced-stage and recurrent ovarian cancer patients.

KEYWORDS:

Cytoreduction; Debulking surgery; Hepatectomy; Liver metastases; Ovarian cancer; Recurrent ovarian cancer

PMID:
26660323
DOI:
10.1007/s00432-015-2090-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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