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Neuroscientist. 2016 Apr;22(2):199-212. doi: 10.1177/1073858415621035. Epub 2015 Dec 10.

Relearning to See in Cortical Blindness.

Author information

1
Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA mmelnick@mail.cvs.rochester.edu.
2
Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA The Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA The Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

Erratum in

Abstract

The incidence of cortically induced blindness is increasing as our population ages. The major cause of cortically induced blindness is stroke affecting the primary visual cortex. While the impact of this form of vision loss is devastating to quality of life, the development of principled, effective rehabilitation strategies for this condition lags far behind those used to treat motor stroke victims. Here we summarize recent developments in the still emerging field of visual restitution therapy, and compare the relative effectiveness of different approaches. We also draw insights into the properties of recovered vision, its limitations and likely neural substrates. We hope that these insights will guide future research and bring us closer to the goal of providing much-needed rehabilitation solutions for this patient population.

KEYWORDS:

V1; perceptual learning; stroke; vision loss; vision rehabilitation

PMID:
26659828
PMCID:
PMC4795973
DOI:
10.1177/1073858415621035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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