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Sci Total Environ. 2016 Feb 15;544:24-30. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.009. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Mobile phone base stations and well-being--A meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University Vienna, Austria.
2
Department of Applied Statistics and Economics, MODUL University Vienna, Austria.
3
Health and Prevention Center of the Insurance Institution for Vienna Employees, Austria.
4
Department of Public Health, Medical University Vienna, Austria.
5
Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University Linz, Austria.
6
Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University Linz, Austria. Electronic address: alfred.barth@sfu.ac.at.

Abstract

It is unclear whether electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phone base stations affect well-being in adults. The existing studies on this topic are highly inconsistent. In the current paper we attempt to clarify this question by carrying out a meta-analysis which is based on the results of 17 studies. Double-blind studies found no effects on human well-being. By contrast, field or unblinded studies clearly showed that there were indeed effects. This provides evidence that at least some effects are based on a nocebo effect. Whether there is an influence of electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phone base stations thus depends on a person's knowledge about the presence of the presumed cause. Taken together, the results of the meta-analysis show that the effects of mobile phone base stations seem to be rather unlikely. However, nocebo effects occur.

KEYWORDS:

Electromagnetic fields; Human health; Mobile phone base station; Well-being

PMID:
26657246
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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