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Cancer Lett. 2016 Sep 28;380(1):315-8. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2015.11.028. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Targeting SDF-1 in multiple myeloma tumor microenvironment.

Author information

1
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, 450 Brookline Avenue, HIM 246, Boston, MA 02215, USA; INSERM UMR 1163, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Hematological Disorders and Therapeutic Implications, Paris, France.
2
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, 450 Brookline Avenue, HIM 246, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
3
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, 450 Brookline Avenue, HIM 246, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: aldo_roccaro@dfci.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a type of B-cell malignancy that remains incurable to date. The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment plays a crucial role in MM progression. The chemokine SDF-1 (CXCL12) is an important actor of the BM microenvironment that has the ability to regulate numerous processes related to its malignant transformation during MM development. The activity of SDF-1 is mainly mediated by its specific receptor CXCR4, which is expressed at the surface of MM cells and various other BM cell types. Current treatments available for MM patients mainly target tumor cells but have limited effects on the BM microenvironment. In this context, SDF-1 and CXCR4 represent ideal targets for the normalization of the MM-supportive BM microenvironment. The present review focuses on the activity of SDF-1 in the MM BM microenvironment and the current efforts carried out to target the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis for treatment of MM.

KEYWORDS:

Bone marrow; CXCR4; Microenvironment; Multiple myeloma; SDF-1

PMID:
26655999
DOI:
10.1016/j.canlet.2015.11.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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