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Cell Rep. 2015 Dec 1;13(9):1747-56. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.10.064. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Definition of a Bidirectional Activity-Dependent Pathway Involving BDNF and Narp.

Author information

1
Cell and Molecular Biology Program, New York University, Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Cell Biology, Skirball Institute of Bimolecular Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA.
2
Unit of Genetics and Biology of Development, Institut Curie, 75005 Paris, France.
3
Magistère de Génétique Graduate Program, Université Paris Diderot, 75013 Paris, France.
4
Departments of Neuroscience and Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, New York, University, Langone Medical Center, New York, New YorkNY 10016, USA.
6
Department of Cell Biology, Skirball Institute of Bimolecular Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Psychiatry, New York, University, Langone Medical Center, New York, New YorkNY 10016, USA; Department of Physiology and Neuroscience, New York, University, Langone Medical Center, New York, New YorkNY 10016, USA. Electronic address: moses.chao@med.nyu.edu.

Abstract

One of the cardinal features of neural development and adult plasticity is the contribution of activity-dependent signaling pathways. However, the interrelationships between different activity-dependent genes are not well understood. The immediate early gene neuronal-activity-regulated pentraxin (NPTX2 or Narp) encodes a protein that has been associated with excitatory synaptogenesis, AMPA receptor aggregation, and the onset of critical periods. Here, we show that Narp is a direct transcriptional target of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), another highly regulated activity-dependent gene involved in synaptic plasticity. Unexpectedly, Narp is bidirectionally regulated by BDNF. Acute BDNF withdrawal results in downregulation of Narp, whereas transcription of Narp is greatly enhanced by BDNF. Furthermore, our results show that BDNF directly regulates Narp to mediate glutamatergic transmission and mossy fiber plasticity. Hence, Narp serves as a significant epistatic target of BDNF to regulate synaptic plasticity during periods of dynamic activity.

PMID:
26655895
PMCID:
PMC4681298
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2015.10.064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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