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J Chromatogr A. 2016 Mar 25;1439:97-111. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2015.11.073. Epub 2015 Nov 28.

Liquid chromatography coupled to different atmospheric pressure ionization sources-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and post-column addition of metal salt solutions as a powerful tool for the metabolic profiling of Fusarium oxysporum.

Author information

1
Departamento de Química Orgánica, UMyMFOR-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires., Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón II, 3° piso, C1428EHA Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2
Laboratorio de Microbiología del Suelo, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Universidad de Buenos Aires, FCEN, INBA-CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
3
Departamento de Química Orgánica, UMyMFOR-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires., Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón II, 3° piso, C1428EHA Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: gabyc@qo.fcen.uba.ar.

Abstract

Fusarium oxysporum L11 is a non-pathogenic soil-borne fungal strain that yielded an extract that showed antifungal activity against phytopathogens. In this study, reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) coupled to different atmospheric pressure ionization sources-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (API-QTOF-MS) was applied for the comprehensive profiling of the metabolites from the extract. The employed sources were electrospray (ESI), atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI). Post-column addition of metal solutions of Ca, Cu and Zn(II) was also tested using ESI. A total of 137 compounds were identified or tentatively identified by matching their accurate mass signals, suggested molecular formulae and MS/MS analysis with previously reported data. Some compounds were isolated and identified by NMR. The extract was rich in cyclic peptides like cyclosporins, diketopiperazines and sansalvamides, most of which were new, and are reported here for the first time. The use of post-column addition of metals resulted in a useful strategy for the discrimination of compound classes since specific adducts were observed for the different compound families. This technique also allowed the screening for compounds with metal binding properties. Thus, the applied methodology is a useful choice for the metabolic profiling of extracts and also for the selection of metabolites with potential biological activities related to interactions with metal ions.

KEYWORDS:

Cyclosporin A; LC/MS; Metabolic profiling; Metal post-column addition; Sansalvamide

PMID:
26655791
DOI:
10.1016/j.chroma.2015.11.073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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