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Gac Sanit. 2016 Mar-Apr;30(2):126-32. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.10.011. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Alcohol consumption and Mediterranean Diet adherence among health science students in Spain: the DiSA-UMH Study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Miguel Hernandez University, Campus San Juan, Alicante, Spain.
2
Department of Public Health, Miguel Hernandez University, Campus San Juan, Alicante, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain. Electronic address: enavarrete@umh.es.
3
Department of Public Health, Miguel Hernandez University, Campus San Juan, Alicante, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the association between consumption of different alcoholic beverages and adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of the baseline data of the DiSA-UMH study, an ongoing cohort study with Spanish health science students (n=1098) aged 17-35 years. Dietary information was collected by a validated 84-item food frequency questionnaire. Participants were grouped into non-drinkers, exclusive beer and/or wine drinkers and drinkers of all types of alcoholic beverages. Mediterranean diet adherence was determined by using a modification of the relative Mediterranean Diet Score (rMED; score range: 0-16) according to consumption of 8 dietary components. We performed multiple linear and multinomial regression analyses.

RESULTS:

The mean alcohol consumption was 4.3g/day (SD: 6.1). A total of 19.5%, 18.9% and 61.6% of the participants were non-drinkers, exclusive beer and/or wine drinkers and drinkers of all types of alcoholic beverages, respectively. Participants who consumed beer and/or wine exclusively had higher rMED scores than non-drinkers (β: 0.76, 95%CI: 0.25-1.27). Drinkers of all types of alcoholic beverages had similar rMED scores to non-drinkers. Non-drinkers consumed less fish and more meat, whereas drinkers of all types of alcoholic beverages consumed fewer fruits, vegetables and more meat than exclusive beer and/or wine drinkers.

CONCLUSIONS:

The overall alcohol consumption among the students in our study was low-to-moderate. Exclusive beer and/or wine drinkers differed regarding the Mediterranean diet pattern from non-drinkers and drinkers of all types of alcohol. These results show the need to properly adjust for diet in studies of the effects of alcohol consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol drinking; Alcoholic beverages; Bebidas alcohólicas; Consumo de alcohol; Diet; Dieta; Dieta mediterránea; Estudiantes; Health occupations; Mediterranean Diet; Profesionales sanitarios; Students

PMID:
26655205
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.10.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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