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Elife. 2015 Dec 14;4. pii: e12790. doi: 10.7554/eLife.12790.

Protein flexibility is required for vesicle tethering at the Golgi.

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Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, United States.
Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.


The Golgi is decorated with coiled-coil proteins that may extend long distances to help vesicles find their targets. GCC185 is a trans Golgi-associated protein that captures vesicles inbound from late endosomes. Although predicted to be relatively rigid and highly extended, we show that flexibility in a central region is required for GCC185’s ability to function in a vesicle tethering cycle. Proximity ligation experiments show that that GCC185’s N-and C-termini are within <40 nm of each other on the Golgi. In physiological buffers without fixatives, atomic force microscopy reveals that GCC185 is shorter than predicted, and its flexibility is due to a central bubble that represents local unwinding of specific sequences. Moreover, 85% of the N-termini are splayed, and the splayed N-terminus can capture transport vesicles in vitro. These unexpected features support a model in which GCC185 collapses onto the Golgi surface, perhaps by binding to Rab GTPases, to mediate vesicle tethering.


Golgi complex; biochemistry; cell biology; coiled-coil; human; membrane traffic; vesicle tethering

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