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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Jan 13;8(1):988-96. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b10950. Epub 2015 Dec 24.

Platelet Lysate-Modified Porous Silicon Microparticles for Enhanced Cell Proliferation in Wound Healing Applications.

Author information

1
Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki , Helsinki 00014, Finland.
2
Laboratory of Industrial Physics, University of Turku , Turku, Finland.

Abstract

The new frontier in the treatment of chronic nonhealing wounds is the use of micro- and nanoparticles to deliver drugs or growth factors into the wound. Here, we used platelet lysate (PL), a hemoderivative of platelets, consisting of a multifactorial cocktail of growth factors, to modify porous silicon (PSi) microparticles and assessed both in vitro and ex vivo the properties of the developed microsystem. PL-modified PSi was assessed for its potential to induce proliferation of fibroblasts. The wound closure-promoting properties of the microsystem were then assessed in an in vitro wound healing assay. Finally, the PL-modified PSi microparticles were evaluated in an ex vivo experiment over human skin. It was shown that PL-modified PSi microparticles were cytocompatible and enhanced the cell proliferation in different experimental settings. In addition, this microsystem promoted the closure of the gap between the fibroblast cells in the wound healing assay, in periods of time comparable with the positive control, and induced a proliferation and regeneration process onto the human skin in an ex vivo experiment. Overall, our results show that PL-modified PSi microparticles are suitable microsystems for further development toward applications in the treatment of chronic nonhealing wounds.

KEYWORDS:

fibroblast; microparticles; platelet lysate; porous silicon; wound healing

PMID:
26652045
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.5b10950
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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