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Expert Opin Ther Pat. 2016;26(2):213-28. doi: 10.1517/13543776.2016.1131267. Epub 2016 Jan 8.

Topical drug delivery systems: a patent review.

Author information

1
a Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research , Punjabi University , Patiala , India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Topical administration is the favored route for local delivery of therapeutic agents due to its convenience and affordability. The specific challenge of designing a therapeutic system is to achieve an optimal concentration of a certain drug at its site of action for an appropriate duration.

AREAS COVERED:

This review summarizes innovations from the past 3 years (2012-2015) in the field of topical drug delivery for the treatment of local infections of the vagina, nose, eye and skin. The review also throws some light on the anatomy and physiology of these organs and their various defensive barriers which affect the delivery of drugs administered topically.

EXPERT OPINION:

Topical administration has been gaining attention over the last few years. However, conventional topical drug delivery systems suffer from drawbacks such as poor retention and low bioavailability. The successful formulation of topical delivery products requires the careful manipulation of defensive barriers and selection of a soluble drug carrier. Extensive research is required to develop newer topical drug delivery systems aiming either to improve the efficacy or to reduce side effects compared to current patented systems.

KEYWORDS:

Hydrogels; nano-carriers; sustained release; topical delivery

PMID:
26651499
DOI:
10.1517/13543776.2016.1131267
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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