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J Cosmet Dermatol. 2016 Jun;15(2):145-9. doi: 10.1111/jocd.12200. Epub 2015 Dec 9.

Salty and spicy food; are they involved in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris? A case controlled study.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
2
Clinical Nutrition Department, National Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Many studies have suggested a strong relation between diet and acne. Many patients with acne believe that spicy and salty foods exacerbate acne.

AIM:

To assess the relationship between the dietary intake of salty and spicy food and the onset, severity, duration of acne.

METHODS:

Two hundred patients with acne vulgaris and 200 age- and gender-matched controls were subjected to a detailed questionnaire taking, clinical examination and dietary assessment through using "24 h recall" method. Sodium content of the 24-h food intake was computed by a computer program connecting participants' dietary information to the food composition table of National Nutrition Institute data base.

RESULTS:

Patients with acne consumed significantly higher daily amounts of sodium chloride (NaCl) (median 3367.54 mg) compared to the controls (median 2271.8 mg) (P < 0.001). A negative correlation between the amount of NaCl in the diet of patients with acne and the age of onset of acne lesions was detected (r = -0.216, P = 0.031). However, neither salty nor spicy food correlated with duration or severity of the disease.

CONCLUSION:

Consumption of salty foods was significantly higher among patients with acne compared to acne free subjects, making the consumption of salty food a possible participating factor in the development of acne.

KEYWORDS:

acne; diet; sodium chloride; spicy food

PMID:
26648163
DOI:
10.1111/jocd.12200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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