Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Channels (Austin). 2015;9(6):360-6. doi: 10.1080/19336950.2015.1079674.

Voltage gated sodium channels as drug discovery targets.

Author information

1
a Worldwide Medicinal Chemistry; Pfizer ; Great Abington , Cambridge , UK.
2
b Worldwide Medicinal Chemistry; Pfizer ; Durham , NC USA.

Abstract

Voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels are a family of transmembrane ion channel proteins. They function by forming a gated, water-filled pore to help establish and control cell membrane potential via control of the flow of ions between the intracellular and the extracellular environments. Blockade of NaVs has been successfully accomplished in the clinic to enable control of pathological firing patterns that occur in a diverse range of conditions such as chronic pain, epilepsy, and cardiac arrhythmias. First generation sodium channel modulator drugs, despite low inherent subtype selectivity, preferentially act on over-excited cells which reduces undesirable side effects in the clinic. However, the limited therapeutic indices observed with the first generation demanded a new generation of sodium channel inhibitors. The structure, function and the state of the art in sodium channel modulator drug discovery are discussed in this chapter.

KEYWORDS:

sodium channel drugs; sodium channel structure; sodium channel toxins; voltage-gated sodium channels Electrophysiology screening

PMID:
26646477
PMCID:
PMC4850042
DOI:
10.1080/19336950.2015.1079674
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center