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J Ultrasound Med. 2016 Jan;35(1):83-92. doi: 10.7863/ultra.15.03003. Epub 2015 Dec 7.

Customized Fetal Growth Charts for Parents' Characteristics, Race, and Parity by Quantile Regression Analysis: A Cross-sectional Multicenter Italian Study.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Parma, Parma, Italy (T.G., C.V.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy (L.C.); Operations Research Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA (L.R.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan, Buzzi Children's Hospital, Milan, Italy (E.F.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Presidio Ospedaliero Firenze, Centro Piero Palagi, Florence, Italy (E.P.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy (F.P.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy (T.S.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sant'Anna Hospital, Torino, Italy (E.V.); and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy (G.R.).
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Parma, Parma, Italy (T.G., C.V.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy (L.C.); Operations Research Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA (L.R.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan, Buzzi Children's Hospital, Milan, Italy (E.F.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Presidio Ospedaliero Firenze, Centro Piero Palagi, Florence, Italy (E.P.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy (F.P.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy (T.S.); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sant'Anna Hospital, Torino, Italy (E.V.); and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy (G.R.). giuseppe.rizzo@uniroma2.it.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to construct fetal biometric charts between 16 and 40 weeks' gestation that were customized for parental characteristics, race, and parity, using quantile regression analysis.

METHODS:

In a multicenter cross-sectional study, 8070 sonographic examinations from low-risk pregnancies between 16 and 40 weeks' gestation were analyzed. The fetal measurements obtained were biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur diaphysis length. Quantile regression was used to examine the impact of parental height and weight, parity, and race across biometric percentiles for the fetal measurements considered.

RESULTS:

Paternal and maternal height were significant covariates for all of the measurements considered (P < .05). Maternal weight significantly influenced head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur diaphysis length. Parity was significantly associated with biparietal diameter and head circumference. Central African race was associated with head circumference and femur diaphysis length, whereas North African race was only associated with femur diaphysis length.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study we constructed customized biometric growth charts using quantile regression in a large cohort of low-risk pregnancies. These charts offer the advantage of defining individualized normal ranges of fetal biometric parameters at each specific percentile corrected for parental height and weight, parity, and race. This study supports the importance of including these variables in routine sonographic screening for fetal growth abnormalities.

KEYWORDS:

customized growth charts; fetal biometry; obstetric ultrasound; quantile regression analysis

PMID:
26643757
DOI:
10.7863/ultra.15.03003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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