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Neuroscience. 2016 Feb 9;314:189-99. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.11.058. Epub 2015 Nov 28.

Annexin A2 in primary afferents contributes to neuropathic pain associated with tissue type plasminogen activator.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan. Electronic address: yamanaka@hyo-med.ac.jp.
2
Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan.

Abstract

Annexin A2 (ANX2) is a calcium (Ca(2+))-binding protein that binds to acidic phospholipids and is known to play a crucial role in many cellular regulatory processes. In particular, ANX2 has been described as a crucial receptor for thrombolysis by the tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasmin system. In the nervous system, tPA is involved in processes of neuronal plasticity such as hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and in the dorsal horn pain in several pain models. We investigated detailed changes in expression of ANX2 after nerve injury and evaluated the interaction with tPA using the rat spared nerve injury (SNI) model. SNI-induced the expression of ANX2 in L4/5 dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. In the spinal cord, constitutive ANX2-immunoreactivity was expressed in laminae I-II. Peripheral nerve injury increased the ANX2 immunoreactive terminals mainly in laminae I-V of the dorsal horn on the side ipsilateral to the nerve injury. Double-labeling analysis revealed the co-localization of ANX2 with tPA in the axons of primary afferents in the dorsal horn. Experimental inhibition of ANX2 and tPA interaction by intrathecal administration of homocysteine significantly prevented and reversed SNI-induced mechanical allodynia. Thus, alterations of ANX2 may be involved in tPA-dependent plasticity after peripheral nerve injury and have an important role in neuropathic pain.

KEYWORDS:

annexin A2; dorsal horn; dorsal root ganglia; neuropathic pain; plasticity; tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA)

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