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Atherosclerosis. 2016 Jan;244:138-46. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.11.010. Epub 2015 Nov 14.

Efficacy and safety of adding alirocumab to rosuvastatin versus adding ezetimibe or doubling the rosuvastatin dose in high cardiovascular-risk patients: The ODYSSEY OPTIONS II randomized trial.

Author information

1
Point Médical, Dijon, France. Electronic address: michelfarnier@nerim.net.
2
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
3
Radiant Research - Phoenix SE, Chandler, AZ, USA.
4
Università di Palermo - Policlinico "P. Giaccone", Palermo, Italy.
5
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.
6
University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland.
7
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Tarrytown, NY, USA.
8
Sanofi, Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare lipid-lowering efficacy of adding alirocumab to rosuvastatin versus other treatment strategies (NCT01730053).

METHODS:

Patients receiving baseline rosuvastatin regimens (10 or 20 mg) were randomized to: add-on alirocumab 75 mg every-2-weeks (Q2W) (1-mL subcutaneous injection via pre-filled pen); add-on ezetimibe 10 mg/day; or double-dose rosuvastatin. Patients had cardiovascular disease (CVD) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) or CVD risk factors and LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L). In the alirocumab group, dose was blindly increased at Week 12 to 150 mg Q2W (also 1-mL volume) in patients not achieving their LDL-C target. Primary endpoint was percent change in calculated LDL-C from baseline to 24 weeks (intent-to-treat).

RESULTS:

305 patients were randomized. In the baseline rosuvastatin 10 mg group, significantly greater LDL-C reductions were observed with add-on alirocumab (-50.6%) versus ezetimibe (-14.4%; p < 0.0001) and double-dose rosuvastatin (-16.3%; p < 0.0001). In the baseline rosuvastatin 20 mg group, LDL-C reduction with add-on alirocumab was -36.3% compared with -11.0% with ezetimibe and -15.9% with double-dose rosuvastatin (p = 0.0136 and 0.0453, respectively; pre-specified threshold for significance p < 0.0125). Overall, ∼80% alirocumab patients were maintained on 75 mg Q2W. Of alirocumab-treated patients, 84.9% and 66.7% in the baseline rosuvastatin 10 and 20 mg groups, respectively, achieved risk-based LDL-C targets. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 56.3% of alirocumab patients versus 53.5% ezetimibe and 67.3% double-dose rosuvastatin (pooled data).

CONCLUSIONS:

The addition of alirocumab to rosuvastatin provided incremental LDL-C lowering versus adding ezetimibe or doubling the rosuvastatin dose.

KEYWORDS:

Alirocumab; Ezetimibe; Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Monoclonal antibody; PCSK9; Rosuvastatin

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