Send to

Choose Destination
Crit Rev Microbiol. 1989;16(6):477-523.

Structural requirements of lipid A for endotoxicity and other biological activities.

Author information

Department of Oral Microbiology, Osaka University Faculty of Dentistry, Japan.


For the past ten years, several groups were engaged in synthetic studies of lipid A, namely the lipid portion of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) that has been assumed to be the bioactive center of LPS, but has not been unanimously approved. Among them, Shiba, Kusumoto, and colleagues, Osaka, Japan have synthesized most energetically and successfully a variety of counterparts of lipid As, biosynthetic lipid A precursors, and their analogs. The endotoxic and related bioactivities of these synthetic compounds were studied by Japanese and German groups, including ours. In 1985, one of the compounds, having an acylation and phosphorylation pattern in beta(1-6)-D-glucosamine disaccharide which was proposed for Escherichia coli F515 lipid A was found to be exhibit full endotoxic and related bioactivities identical to those of the bacterial product. The study was extended by synthesis and examination of bioactivities of variously acylated D-glucosamine di- and monosaccharide phosphates, which correspond to structural components of lipid As, and their analogs or derivatives. Thus, structural requirements have been fairly well elucidated. In this article, first we will review the progress of synthetic and biological studies, with particular emphasis on chemical structure--bioactivities relationships of lipid As, and then we will discuss possible usefulness of some less or nontoxic lipid A-related synthetic compounds in clinical and preventive medicine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center