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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2016 Dec;172(4):382-392. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncv488. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

COMPUTATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF PREGNANT WOMAN MODELS EXPOSED TO UNIFORM ELF-MAGNETIC FIELDS: COMPLIANCE WITH THE EUROPEAN CURRENT EXPOSURE REGULATIONS FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC AND OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURES AT 50 Hz.

Author information

1
CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Elettronica e di Ingegneria dell'Informazione e delle Telecomunicazioni IEIIT (CNR National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Electronics, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, Milano, Italy ilaria.liorni@ieiit.cnr.it.
2
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria DEIB (Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering), Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, Milano, Italy.
3
CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Elettronica e di Ingegneria dell'Informazione e delle Telecomunicazioni IEIIT (CNR National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Electronics, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, Milano, Italy.
4
Foundation for Research on Information Technologies in Society (IT'IS Foundation), Zurich, Switzerland.
5
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ), Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

The Recommendation 1999/529/EU and the Directive 2013/35/EU suggest limits for both general public and occupational exposures to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields, but without special limits for pregnant women. This study aimed to assess the compliance of pregnant women to the current regulations, when exposed to uniform MF at 50 Hz (100 μT for EU Recommendation and 1 and 6 mT for EU Directive). For general public, exposure of pregnant women and fetus always resulted in compliance with EU Recommendation. For occupational exposures, (1) Electric fields in pregnant women were in compliance with the Directive, with exposure variations due to fetal posture of <10 %, (2) electric fields in fetuses are lower than the occupational limits, with exposure variations due to fetal posture of >40 % in head tissues, (3) Electric fields in fetal CNS tissues of head are above the ICNIRP 2010 limits for general public at 1 mT (in 7 and 9 months gestational age) and at 6 mT (in all gestational ages).

PMID:
26628611
DOI:
10.1093/rpd/ncv488
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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