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Midwifery. 2016 Mar;34:239-244. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2015.11.002. Epub 2015 Nov 6.

Compassion for others, self-compassion, quality of life and mental well-being measures and their association with compassion fatigue and burnout in student midwives: A quantitative survey.

Author information

1
College of Health and Social Care, Mary Seacole (Room MS3.17), University of Salford, Frederick Road, Salford, Greater Manchester M6 6PU, UK. Electronic address: E.A.Beaumont@salford.ac.uk.
2
University of Bolton, BL3 5AB, UK. Electronic address: MAD1HSS@bolton.ac.uk.
3
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, Edinburgh Napier University, EH11 4BN, UK. Electronic address: C.HollinsMartin@napier.ac.uk.
4
Department of Psychology, University of Bolton, BL3 5AB, UK. Electronic address: jfc1@bolton.ac.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

compassion fatigue and burnout can impact on the performance of midwives, with this quantitative paper exploring the relationship between self-compassion, burnout, compassion fatigue, self-judgement, self-kindness, compassion for others, professional quality of life and well-being of student midwives.

METHOD:

a quantitative survey measured relationships using questionnaires: (1) Professional Quality of Life Scale; (2) Self-Compassion Scale; (3) Short Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale; (4) Compassion For Others Scale.

PARTICIPANTS:

a purposive and convenience sample of student midwives (n=103) studying at university participated in the study.

RESULTS:

just over half of the sample reported above average scores for burnout. The results indicate that student midwives who report higher scores on the self-judgement sub-scale are less compassionate towards both themselves and others, have reduced well-being, and report greater burnout and compassion fatigue. Student midwives who report high on measures of self-compassion and well-being report less compassion fatigue and burnout.

CONCLUSION:

student midwives may find benefit from 'being kinder to self' in times of suffering, which could potentially help them to prepare for the emotional demands of practice and study.

IMPLICATIONS:

developing, creating and cultivating environments that foster compassionate care for self and others may play a significant role in helping midwives face the rigours of education and clinical practice during their degree programme.

KEYWORDS:

Burnout; Compassion fatigue; Self-compassion; Self-judgement; Student midwives; Well-being

PMID:
26628352
DOI:
10.1016/j.midw.2015.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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