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Small. 2016 Apr 27;12(16):2146-72. doi: 10.1002/smll.201502299. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Conversion Reaction-Based Oxide Nanomaterials for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes.

Yu SH1,2, Lee SH1,2, Lee DJ1,2, Sung YE1,2, Hyeon T1,2.

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Center for Nanoparticle Research, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Seoul, 151-742, South Korea.
School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, South Korea.


Developing high-energy-density electrodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) is of primary importance to meet the challenges in electronics and automobile industries in the near future. Conversion reaction-based transition metal oxides are attractive candidates for LIB anodes because of their high theoretical capacities. This review summarizes recent advances on the development of nanostructured transition metal oxides for use in lithium ion battery anodes based on conversion reactions. The oxide materials covered in this review include oxides of iron, manganese, cobalt, copper, nickel, molybdenum, zinc, ruthenium, chromium, and tungsten, and mixed metal oxides. Various kinds of nanostructured materials including nanowires, nanosheets, hollow structures, porous structures, and oxide/carbon nanocomposites are discussed in terms of their LIB anode applications.


anode materials; conversion reactions; lithium ion batteries; nanomaterials; transition metal oxides


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