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J Genet Couns. 2016 Jun;25(3):529-42. doi: 10.1007/s10897-015-9905-x. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Easing the Burden: Describing the Role of Social, Emotional and Spiritual Support in Research Families with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome.

Author information

1
Clinical Genetics Branch (CGB), Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics (DCEG), National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD, USA. petersju@mail.nih.gov.
2
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ, USA.
3
Clinical Genetics Branch (CGB), Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics (DCEG), National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD, USA.

Abstract

This study presents findings of a mixed-method descriptive exploration of the role of friends and spirituality/religiosity in easing the burden of families with the rare inherited disorder, Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS). LFS is caused by germline mutations in the TP53 gene and is associated with very high lifetime risk of developing one or more malignancies. During the first clinical visit we assessed several types of social support among a subset of study participants (N = 66) using an established interactive research tool called the Colored Eco-Genetic Relationship Map (CEGRM). We performed both quantitative and qualitative analyses of social relationships with LFS family members and close non-kin. Distress scores (N = 59) were mostly low normal, with some outliers. We found that reported friendships varied widely, that the friendships were often deep and enduring, and were important sources of informational, tangible, emotional and spiritual support. Confidantes tended to be best friends and/or spouses. Organized religion was important in selected families, typically from mainstream traditions. However, a number of people identified themselves as "spiritual" and reported spiritual and humanist explorations. Our results shed preliminary light on how some people in families with LFS cope in the face of tremendous medical, social and emotional challenges.

KEYWORDS:

Cegrm; Genetic counseling; Genetic testing; Hereditary cancer susceptibility; Li-fraumeni syndrome (LFS); Psychosocial; Psychosocial adaptation; Qualitative research; Religious; Resilience; Social support; Spiritual; TP53 germline mutation

PMID:
26621765
DOI:
10.1007/s10897-015-9905-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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