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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Mar;151(3):735-742. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.10.064. Epub 2015 Oct 27.

North American single-center experience with a sutureless aortic bioprosthesis.

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Division of Cardiac Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:
Division of Cardiac Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Québec, Canada.
Division of Cardiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Québec, Canada.



Surgical sutureless aortic valves have the potential for shorter procedural times and could benefit patients with increased risk. The Enable (Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) valve is a bioprosthesis housed in a Nitinol cage allowing folding and deployment once implanted. We aimed to evaluate the early clinical and echocardiographic results with the Enable valve.


Patients with aortic stenosis, Society of Thoracic Surgeons score greater than 5.0%, the need for combined procedures, and frailty were considered for Enable implantation.


Between August 2012 and October 2014, 63 patients underwent implantation of the Enable valve (Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, Minn). Thirty patients underwent isolated aortic valve replacement. Combined procedures were aortic valve replacement/coronary artery bypass grafting (26), aortic valve replacement/mitral valve repair (2), aortic valve replacement/mitral valve repair/coronary artery bypass grafting (2), and aortic valve replacement/ascending aortic graft (3). Predicted Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 8.06 ± 7.73 (0.94-41.30). Implant success was 100%. Mean crossclamp time for isolated aortic valve replacement was 44 ± 14 minutes (30-91). Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (1/63), and late mortality was 3.2% (2/62). No mortality was valve related. Intraoperative need for revision was 6.3% (4/63). Early migration requiring reoperation occurred in 1.6% of patients (1/63). Postoperative indexed aortic valve area was 1.08 ± 0.22 cm(2)/m(2), and peak and mean gradients were 17 ± 7 mm Hg and 9 ± 4 mm Hg, respectively. The rate of complications was as follows: pacemaker 3.1% (2/63), transient ischemic attack 1.6% (1/63), other thromboembolic events 0%, bleeding 0%, and endocarditis 0%. Mean follow-up was 10 ± 8 months. At latest follow-up, 61 patients were in New York Heart Association class I. Moderate or severe aortic regurgitation did not develop in any patients in the follow-up period.


The Enable bioprosthesis is an acceptable alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement in higher-risk patients. The early hemodynamic performance seems favorable.


aortic valve; surgery; sutureless

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