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Brain Res. 2016 Jan 15;1631:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2015.11.018. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

Psychotropic effects of Lactobacillus plantarum PS128 in early life-stressed and naïve adult mice.

Author information

1
Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan.
2
Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan; Probiotic Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan.
3
Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, National Yang-Ming University, 155, Section 2, Linong Street, Taipei 11221, Taiwan. Electronic address: sabrina@ym.edu.tw.
4
Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan; Probiotic Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan. Electronic address: tsaiyc@ym.edu.tw.

Abstract

Ingestion of specific probiotics, namely "psychobiotics", produces psychotropic effects on behavior and affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and neurochemicals in the brain. We examined the psychotropic effects of a potential psychobiotic bacterium, Lactobacillus plantarum strain PS128 (PS128), on mice subjected to early life stress (ELS) and on naïve adult mice. Behavioral tests revealed that chronic ingestion of PS128 increased the locomotor activities in both ELS and naïve adult mice in the open field test. In the elevated plus maze, PS128 significantly reduced the anxiety-like behaviors in naïve adult mice but not in the ELS mice; whereas the depression-like behaviors were reduced in ELS mice but not in naïve mice in forced swimming test and sucrose preference test. PS128 administration also reduced ELS-induced elevation of serum corticosterone under both basal and stressed states but had no effect on naïve mice. In addition, PS128 reduced inflammatory cytokine levels and increased anti-inflammatory cytokine level in the serum of ELS mice. Furthermore, the dopamine level in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) was significantly increased in PS128 treated ELS and naïve adult mice whereas serotonin (5-HT) level was increased only in the naïve adult mice. These results suggest that chronic ingestion of PS128 could ameliorate anxiety- and depression-like behaviors and modulate neurochemicals related to affective disorders. Thus PS128 shows psychotropic properties and has great potential for improving stress-related symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Dopamine; Early life stress; Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis; PS128; Psychobiotics; Serotonin

PMID:
26620542
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2015.11.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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