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JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Mar;170(3):205-11. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3168.

International and Interdisciplinary Identification of Health Care Transition Outcomes.

Collaborators (360)

Behrman A, Volerman A, Buchanan C, Doulton D, Reid N, Nye A, Alsan B, Lilly C, Thorpe D, Ronna J, Friedland A, Dalbec B, Schmidt C, Duke N, Restrepo J, Uluer A, Lundeen B, Nourie C, Abraham E, Santonelli R, Al Makadma A, Davis BE, Johnson C, Boukas E, Chung R, Rozycki A, Bennett A, Cooley C, Iglesia E, Kruse R, Hergenroeder AC, Hudson B, Coyne I, Lomotau E, Meek R, Okun A, Luby B, Peacock C, Kertcher E, Rehm R, Annaim A, Hurst B, Poche C, Iverson E, Skogg R, Colver A, Presler B, Rojas C, Jewell E, Levine R, Tong A, Brake MC, Smith C, Kingsley E, Rohloff R, Phillips A, Speller-Brown B, Thibadeau J, Dellon E, Stewart R, Rozycki A, Warady B, Wiemann C, Weitzman E, Stein R, Renwick A, Seashore C, Coury D, Gollub E, Willkianms R, Sobota A, DeCunto CL, Wood D, McFee E, Bryant R, Houchen A, Curtin C, MacLellan D, Fredericks E, Singh S, Alriksson-Schmidt A, Cartee A, Darnell D, Morasso E, Samuel S, Walls A, Bates K, Piel D, Perry E, Kim S, Annunziato R, Betz C, Horewitz D, Erica P, Hwang S, Patel A, Shapland C, Zuver D, Pettitt E, Whitehouse S, Otero A, Fair C, Desai T, Holbrook E, Beal S, Haberman AR, Jefferson D, McNamara E, Corathers S, Vaewsorn A, Brands C, Lotstein D, Dellon E, Lyons S, Saidi A, Moore C, Montano B, Dobbels F, Cohen S, Sadlon A, Johnson C, Yerby D, Chen F, Sawin K, Stephens A, Hanks C, Gilleskie D, O'Hare K, Boyce S, Green A, Blakely C, Dosa N, Noritz G, Scal P, Maslow G, Mahajan G, Quintanilla C, Rafael G, Cullen-Dean G, Cassell S, Mattson G, Ishizaki Y, Harisiades J, Feldmann J, Bailey S, Gibson-Scipio W, McDonagh J, Herzog J, Chacko K, Schwartz L, Dimitropoulos G, Telfair J, Hess J, Uzark K, Dull S, King GA, Johnson J, Segal J, Javalkar K, Kennedy S, Talente G, Talwalkar J, Lail J, Hanna KM, Fernandes S, Sawicki G, Burnes J, LeComte J, Garvey K, Friebert S, Parker W, Danziger J, Maxwell J, Dell K, Carroll S, Hart L, Hankins JS, Mcentee J, Bozik K, Valentine S, Stewart H, John J, Mize J, Cooney K, Hill S, Hidalgo G, Javalkar K, Suris JC, Rivlin K, Kingsnorth S, Fernandez H, Bargeron J, Maxwell J, Meyer K, Bhagat S, Fernandez H, Desir J, Neukrich J, Blaine K, Neul S, Hmiel P, Chaloner JL, Mahan J, Jones K, Lindsay S, Suzawa H, McAllister J, Jones J, Amaria K, Massengil S, Hunt S, Disabato J, Gilleland J, Bates K, McLaughlin S, Osunkwo I, Goralski J, Feblowitz J, Karrat K, Mukherjee S, Levin I, Porter J, Alexander J, Kordy K, Solondz K, Riddle I, Ryan J, Reit J, Kuhlthau K, Jan S, Jurczyk I, Flesche J, Newman J, McArdle K, Jan S, Ayroso-Guardiola I, Woodward J, Adams J, Bickford K, Rabinovitz S, Castrejon I, Reiss J, Weissberg-Benchell J, Jensen K, Rupp S, Berg-Kelly K, Davidson L, Mandelkehr L, Johnson A, Ardoin S, Lai H, Nassano L, Lassiter M, Fenton N, van der Stege H, Dolan L, Hartman L, Crosby L, Sharma N, Lawrence S, Roy L, Hancock L, Bell L, Akchurin O, Hooper S, Schmidt L, Edwards L, Tuchman L, Okumura M, Strope J, Ajayi T, Overholser L, Whiteman L, Jones P, Kirk S, Pickler L, Mahoney L, Johnson M, Morgan P, Mukherjee S, Warrren L, Plotnik L, Israni M, Kapunan P, Gray S, Kovens L, Clay LJ, ArreguiReyes M, Minshall P, Sawyer S, Carbone L, Laufman LE, Dyas M, Dressler P, Shanske S, Medeiros M, Radd M, Reyes C, Desai P, Hogarth S, Mennito S, Thomas M, Ferris M, Burke P, Wadera S, Luque M, Maru M, Wells M, Peter N, Whitehouse S, Swanson M, Green MJ, Adragna M, Marks P, Szalda D, Fox M, Cheatham M, Larew M, Mehrotra P, Szatmari P, Gianinazzi M, Monaghan M, Erickson MM, Shah P, Mellard TA, Hatfield M, Nitu M, Dilling M, White P, Bartelt T, Maddux MH, Bethell M, Sadof M, Agrawal R, Blydt-Hansen T, Steiner M, Hilliard M, Fraley MB, Boudos R, Llanto E, Bradford N, Farmer M, Ciccarelli M, Sadun R, Tercero G, Byczkowski T, Davis T, Chouteau W, Gray W, Szeto W, Therese V, van Staa A, Wiener L, Lopez VB, Carroll Y, Hickam T, Vayo AC, Mitchell T, Kazmerski T, Bowman V.

Author information

1
Department of Human Service Studies, Elon University, Elon, North Carolina.
2
End-Stage Kidney Disease Program, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.
3
Medicine-Pediatrics Residency Program, Brigham and Women's and Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
4
Duke University Psychiatry and Behavior Sciences and Pediatrics, Durham, North Carolina.
5
Pediatric Oncology Branch Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.
6
Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
7
Department of Psychology, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.
8
Internal Medicine/Pediatrics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island9Department of Pediatrics and Medicine, Hasbro Hospitals, Providence, Rhode Island.
9
Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
10
Transition of Care, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware.
11
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
12
Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

There is a lack of agreement on what constitutes successful outcomes for the process of health care transition (HCT) among adolescent and young adults with special health care needs.

OBJECTIVE:

To present HCT outcomes identified by a Delphi process with an interdisciplinary group of participants.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

A Delphi method involving 3 stages was deployed to refine a list of HCT outcomes. This 18-month study (from January 5, 2013, of stage 1 to July 3, 2014, of stage 3) included an initial literature search, expert interviews, and then 2 waves of a web-based survey. On this survey, 93 participants from outpatient, community-based, and primary care clinics rated the importance of the top HCT outcomes identified by the Delphi process. Analyses were performed from July 5, 2014, to December 5, 2014.

EXPOSURES:

Health care transition outcomes of adolescents and young adults with special health care needs.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:

Importance ratings of identified HCT outcomes rated on a Likert scale from 1 (not important) to 9 (very important).

RESULTS:

The 2 waves of surveys included 117 and 93 participants as the list of outcomes was refined. Transition outcomes were refined by the 3 waves of the Delphi process, with quality of life being the highest-rated outcome with broad agreement. The 10 final outcomes identified included individual outcomes (quality of life, understanding the characteristics of conditions and complications, knowledge of medication, self-management, adherence to medication, and understanding health insurance), health services outcomes (attending medical appointments, having a medical home, and avoidance of unnecessary hospitalization), and a social outcome (having a social network). Participants indicated that different outcomes were likely needed for individuals with cognitive disabilities.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

Quality of life is an important construct relevant to HCT. Future research should identify valid measures associated with each outcome and further explore the role that quality of life plays in the HCT process. Achieving consensus is a critical step toward the development of reliable and objective comparisons of HCT outcomes across clinical conditions and care delivery locations.

PMID:
26619178
PMCID:
PMC6345570
DOI:
10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3168
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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