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Med Princ Pract. 2016;25(3):233-6. doi: 10.1159/000442821. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Metformin Decreases Thyroid Volume and Nodule Size in Subjects with Insulin Resistance: A Preliminary Study.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of metformin on thyroid volume and nodule size.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Prospective data were gathered on 100 newly diagnosed subjects with insulin resistance (68 female, 32 male) between August 2008 and May 2010. Each subject followed a standard diet and exercise program, and received 1,700 mg/day of metformin therapy for 6 months. The height, weight, waist circumference (WC) and thyroid hormone levels of each subject were measured. Additionally, the dimensions of the thyroid lobes and maximum diameter of each thyroid nodule were determined by ultrasonography. BMI and thyroid volumes were also calculated. Insulin resistance was estimated by homeostasis model assessment. All these parameters were measured at the beginning and at the end of the treatment period.

RESULTS:

BMI and WC decreased significantly after metformin therapy (34.5 ± 5.1 vs. 32.7 ± 4.8, p < 0.0001, and 106.3 ± 11.8 vs. 101.8 ± 19.0 cm, p = 0.008, respectively). Insulin resistance also decreased after metformin therapy (4.5 ± 1.9 vs. 2.9 ± 1.7, p < 0.0001). The mean thyroid volume (22.5 ± 11.2 vs. 20.3 ± 10.4 ml, p < 0.0001) and mean thyroid nodule size (12.9 ± 7.6 vs. 11.7 ± 7.2 mm, p < 0.0001) also decreased after treatment.

CONCLUSION:

In subjects with insulin resistance, metformin therapy significantly decreased thyroid volume and nodule size.

PMID:
26618447
PMCID:
PMC5588367
DOI:
10.1159/000442821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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