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Arch Plast Surg. 2015 Nov;42(6):709-15. doi: 10.5999/aps.2015.42.6.709. Epub 2015 Nov 16.

Clinical Approaches to Vascular Anomalies of the Lip.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
2
Vascular Anomaly Center, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ; Department of Dermatology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
3
Vascular Anomaly Center, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ; Department of Radiology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
4
Vascular Anomaly Center, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ; Department of Vascular Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
5
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ; Vascular Anomaly Center, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incidence of vascular anomalies in the head and neck is higher than in the extremities. It is especially common for vascular anomalies to involve the lip. The lips are a functionally and aesthetically important component of the head and neck area. A retrospective analysis of data from our vascular anomaly center was performed in order to understand the characteristics and treatment requirements of vascular anomalies of the lip and to establish which treatments are likely to lead to the best outcomes.

METHODS:

A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of patients diagnosed with vascular anomalies of the upper or lower lip from January 2001 to September 2013. Using clinical photographs, radiologic findings, and patient records, the diagnosis of each case and the location of the vascular anomaly were recorded, along with information about treatment and follow-up.

RESULTS:

A total of 1,606 patients were diagnosed with vascular anomalies over this time period, of whom 127 (7.9%) were found to have vascular anomalies in the lip only. Surgical treatment with or without embolization, sclerotherapy, laser therapy, medication only, and observation were the treatment strategies adopted in these cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vascular anomalies of the lip should be diagnosed accurately. Radiologic diagnosis played a crucial role in treatment planning, and several techniques were used to treat vascular anomalies of the lip. When surgical excision is indicated for the correction of vascular anomalies of the lip, the aesthetic and functional characteristics of the lip should be considered.

KEYWORDS:

Lip; Plastics; Vascular diseases

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