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Clin Plast Surg. 2016 Jan;43(1):17-27. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2015.09.002.

Open and Closed Rhinoplasty.

Author information

1
Post-Baccalaureate PreMedical Program, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
2
Division of Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address: beckermailbox@aol.com.

Abstract

Most surgeons recognize the broad utility of both endonasal and external rhinoplasty approaches. Most understand that there are situations when a given approach offers advantages and may be considered preferable. In this article, the anatomy, incisions, and approaches that are available to the surgeon are reviewed. General indications are discussed for the external and endonasal approaches. The pros and cons of each approach are discussed, and further thoughts on the decision-making process are provided.

KEYWORDS:

Intercartilaginous; Marginal; Rhinoplasty; Transcartilaginous; Transcolumellar

PMID:
26616691
DOI:
10.1016/j.cps.2015.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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