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Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2015 Nov;8(11):983-988. doi: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2015.10.003. Epub 2015 Oct 22.

Therapeutic effect and apoptosis mechanism of lung-tonifying and expectorant decoction on lung cancer rats with Qi deficiency and blood stasis.

Author information

1
Ruikang Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanning 530011, Guangxi Province, China. Electronic address: fenyuang1980@163.com.
2
Ruikang Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanning 530011, Guangxi Province, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the effect and specific mechanism of lung-tonifying and expectorant decoction on lung cancer rats with Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and aim to provide a new idea on treating the disease with traditional Chinese medicine based on syndrome differentiation.

METHODS:

A total of 60 C57BL/6J male rats were included in the study. The model of Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established in 60 rats by using multiple-factor stimulation. About 10 rats were randomly taken to verify whether the model establishment was successful and the rest of 50 rats were divided into 5 groups with 10 rats each: blank control group, cisplatin group, low dose group, medium dose group and high dose group. The blank control group was treated with normal saline, and cisplatin group was treated with cisplatin while the other three groups were treated with lung-tonifying and expectorant decoction at different doses. The volume change in transplanted tumor, tumor inhibition rate, apoptosis rate, and expression of Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 in 5 groups were compared.

RESULTS:

The rapidest growth rate of transplanted tumor volume was observed in blank control group and the slowest in cisplatin group. The growth rate was gradually decreased with the increasing dose of lung-tonifying and expectorant decoction, and the difference in growth of tumor volume among groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The cisplatin group showed the highest tumor inhibition rate, with dose-dependent increase (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate in low dose group was higher than blank control group but lower than high dose group (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate in medium dose group was significantly higher than blank control group (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate in high dose group was significantly higher than control group (P < 0.05). The positive expression rates of Bcl-2 and Bax in all groups showed statistically significant difference (P < 0.05), while expression of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 in 5 groups was significantly different, with dose-dependent increase (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

The lung-tonifying and expectorant decoction inhibits the proliferation of tumor cells by inducing and activating the cell apoptosis in treatment of lung cancer with Qi deficiency and blood stasis, probably with good clinical therapeutic effect.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Lung cancer; Lung-tonifying and expectorant decoction; Qi deficiency and blood stasis

PMID:
26615001
DOI:
10.1016/j.apjtm.2015.10.003
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